Endometriosis is an abnormal growth of endometrial cells. Endometrial cells are similar to those cells that form the inside lining of the uterus. It is commonly seen on other organs of the pelvis. Endometriosis is most commonly reported in women experiencing infertility when compared to fertile women.
Most of the women with endometriosis do not show any visible symptoms. However, the common symptoms associated with endometriosis include the following:
- Pelvic pains that get worse during menstruation.
- Painful intercourse
- Painful bowel movements
- Pain while urinating
Endometriosis can be diagnosed based on the woman’s pattern of symptoms. It can also be diagnosed during a physical examination, but for confirmed diagnosis, laparoscopy is required.
Endometriosis generally depends on the following factors:
- Severity of the symptoms
- Severity of the disease
- Future plans for conception
Depending on the above-mentioned factors, endometriosis is treated in the following ways:
In the case of mild symptoms of endometriosis, your infertility specialist may prescribe certain painkillers such as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. If you are experiencing any side effects due to medications, you can consult the infertility specialist in Hyderabad.
- Hormone therapy
Hormonal therapy is an effective way of treating endometriosis. The main drawback associated with hormone therapy is that the symptoms may come back once you stop the therapy.
The common hormone therapies include the following:
- Hormonal contraceptives
There are certain hormones that are responsible for tissue build-up outside the uterine cavity. These hormones can be controlled by using birth control pills, vaginal rings, and patches.
This drug aids in stopping the menstruation, which in turn stops the tissue build-up. Administering drug can also help in putting an end to all the symptoms of endometriosis.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) antagonists and agonists
Hormones that can stimulate your ovaries are blocked by using these drugs. These drugs bring down the estrogen levels thus, prevents menstruation.
- Conservative surgery
When you are planning to have a baby, but you are already suffering from endometriosis, then surgically removing endometriosis is a viable solution. With the surgical removal, your uterus and ovaries will be preserved and may increase the chances of becoming pregnant. The pain caused due to endometriosis can be completely reduced with conservative surgery. If in case, you are still facing fertility issues, you can go for infertility treatment.
Hysterectomy or surgical removal of the uterus is considered as the last option in dealing with endometriosis. This option is used in case of severe cases that cannot be treated with any other option.
Hysterectomy not only reduces the chances of pregnancy but completely stops your chances of having children post surgery. If you are planning to discuss this issue with a doctor, you can consult the infertility specialist.
Endometriosis generally leads to infertility in severe cases, when left untreated. The fertility center- Hegde Fertility helps in dealing with infertility cases. Contact the best infertility specialist in Hyderabad– Dr. Vandana Hegde.