Endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years. In infertility women who undergo laparoscopy, the prevalence is about 30%-40%.
Endometriosis is a condition in which there is the presence of functioning endometrium in sites other than uterine mucous (inside the uterus).
Endometriosis can occur at any site. It can be present inside the abdomen or extra-abdominal sites.
COMMON SITES ARE:
RARE AND REMOTE SITES:
The most common symptom of endometriosis is lower abdominal pain which tends to radiate from front to backbone and the inner side of the thigh
The procedure begins with the laparoscopic inspection of all the abdomen and pelvic organs and anatomy and mapping of endometrial lesions are seen. If adhesions are present, adhesiolysis (cutting of adhesions) to restore the anatomy.
Ovarian endometrial cystectomy is done by draining the chocolate-colored material and removal of the cyst wall. The cyst wall is later sent for Histopathological examination.
Endometrial implants can be seen on the surface of the peritoneum seen a “powder burns” appearance. These lesions can be destroyed by ablation and fulguration with the use of different energy sources.
The destruction/ablation of surface endometriosis at the time of laparoscopy improves future fertility.
RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS:
The patient might be discharged on the same day or the next day of operation unless there are some associated medical problems. The patients are advised to take rest for a week before they’re recovered. However, doing strenuous work or exercises should be withheld for 6 weeks.