Fallopian Tube Catheterization/ Recanalisation
Fallopian tube Catheterization/ Recanalisation means reopening. It is a nonsurgical procedure, which involves in the clearing of blockages formed in the fallopian tubes. Globally, 1 in every 4 women becomes the victim of female infertility.
What are the Fallopian Tubes?
In the process of conception, the ovary releases an egg that travels from the ovaries to the uterus through the passageways called fallopian tubes. In order to fertilize the egg, sperm travels into the fallopian tubes and this results into an embryo, which is nourished and transported to the uterus to the continuation of pregnancy.
Blockage of the fallopian tubes is due to the debris deposits in the fallopian tubes, and even a serious infection can cause of the blockage.
About 90 percent of the cases, when the fallopian tubes are blocked, at least one blocked fallopian tube is opened and by which normal functions can be restored. And, this can be of help to about a quarter of couples to conceive mostly within a cycle or two.
With the advanced surgical procedure put to use, it has become less expensive and the chances of conceiving has risen to considerable levels. So you should never neglect when there is a sign of blockage. Get it immediately checked by the best Infertility Specialist.
When should be Tubal Cannulation Conducted?
Imaging tests can help doctors conclude whether there are any blockages in one or both fallopian tubes. If the test is proof positive, cannulation procedure can be successful when the blockage is at the tube closest to the womb (uterus) called a proximal tubal obstruction. And, the same procedure can be conducted for the mid tubal blockage.
Tubal Cannulation evaluation
In this procedure, the doctor prescribes antibiotics and pain medication when it is necessary.
- Patients may find it discomfort with FTR in such cases an intravenous line is placed before the procedure begins.
- The patient is made to relax and to get relieved from pain; Infertility Specialist administers short-acting medications.
- The speculum is placed into the Vagina, and the small plastic tube is inserted into the uterus through the cervix.
- During this process, Catheter allows a liquid contrast agent seldom called as the dye into the Vagina.
- By making use of an X-ray camera, the entire uterine cavity is thoroughly examined.
- Doctors will get a complete picture of uterus-and-fallopian –tube in the hysterosalpingogram, HSG.
- From this picture, the doctor can determine the presence of blockage on one or both fallopian tubes.
- If there are any blockages, a smaller catheter is laced to the first catheter and then let-in to the fallopian tube to clear the blockage.
Patients may confront slight discomfort like cramping, mild bleeding, or spotting for the next 3 to 5 days after the procedure.
Patients who have suffered from bad infections such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, or severe scars from prior surgery may find less success in FTR and this result in marginal chances of pregnancy.
Successful FTR and pregnancy chances are less when severe scarring is present from prior surgery or bad infections, such as PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease).