This is a condition when a woman has 2 or more clinical pregnancy losses (miscarriages) before the pregnancies reach 5 months.
Each time pregnancy should be documented on ultrasound. It is very unfortunate and depressing when a woman loses her pregnancy. The couple continues to suffer in silence and wants to know why it is happening to them.
There are a variety of reasons for recurrent pregnancy losses and the couple needs to be investigated to identify the cause.
Most pregnancy losses result from chromosomal, or genetic, abnormalities, and are random events. The abnormality may come from the egg, the sperm, or the early embryo.
As the age of the woman increases chances of miscarriage also increase due to poor egg quality. The chromosomes of women and their male partners can be studied using a special blood test called a “karyotype.” Some healthy people have differences in the way their chromosomes are arranged. This can increase their risk for genetically imbalanced pregnancy losses.
Blood tests can show if a woman has certain medical, immune, or blood-clotting conditions that might cause RPL. A special x-ray (hysterosalpingogram) or ultrasound (sonohysterogram) can show if a woman has a problem with the shape of her uterus. If available, the tissue from a miscarriage can be tested for genetic abnormalities