Semen freezing (commonly called sperm banking) is a process in which sperm cells are preserved. Semen can be used successfully for a long time after freezing them.
Sperm can be used in the future for many purposes like assisted reproductive technology or they can also be donated.
It is advised to males who are having one of the following conditions:
- Chemotherapy or radiotherapy for any cancer
- Testicular surgery
- High-risk occupations (army, police) or sports.
Sperm Freezing process
- 2 – 5 days but not more than 5 days of sexual abstinence is advised.
- Blood tests to screen for HIV and hepatitis B and C etc.
- A written informed consent is taken from you to store your sperms.
- You are requested to produce a fresh sample of sperm.
- The sample is then tested for sperm count and morphology testing.
- On the day of the reports, the sperm freezing process is scheduled.
- The semen is washed. The cryoprotectant is added to semen. It controls the damage to the cell in freezing and thawing.
- The sample semen is then stored in the vials.
- The vials are named with your full name and date on of the process.
- The vials are placed in liquid nitrogen at a temperature of ‒196°C.
All the biological and biochemical processes are stopped at such a low temperature. Sperms are normally stored for a minimum of 10 years in the sperm bank.
Advantages of Sperm Freezing
The sperms can be thawed and used later. Hence if the patient is undergoing any chemo or radiotherapy, he will still be able to have a child of his own. And the sperms can also be given up for donation.
The babies born with frozen sperms are as healthy as born with an unfrozen sperm. There is no difference in the rates of the birth defects.
Uses of Sperm Freezing
Whenever you and your partner want to conceive, your sperms can be used to perform artificial reproductive techniques (ART). The female is tested to decide if she still is fertile. If the sperms are enough in number and motile, they can be used for Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) treatment. If the sperm count or motility is low, they can be used for In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), in which the sperm is injected directly into the egg.
Hegde Fertility provides the best facilities to undergo the sperm freezing process and treat male infertility. Contact our best Gynecologist to know more details on it