Fallopian tube Catheterization/ Recanalisation means reopening. It is a non surgical procedure, which involves in the clearing of blockages formed in the fallopian tubes. Globally, 1 in every 4 women becomes victim of female infertility.
In the process of conception, ovary releases an egg that travels from ovaries to the uterus through the passageways called fallopian tubes. In order to fertilize the egg, sperm travels into the fallopian tubes and this results in to an embryo, which is nourished and transported to uterus to the continual of pregnancy.
Blockage of the fallopian tubes is due to the debris deposits in the fallopian tubes, and even a serious infection can cause of blockage.
About 90 percent of the cases, when the fallopian tubes are blocked, at least one blocked fallopian tube is opened and by which normal functions can be restored. And, this can be of help to about a quarter of couples to conceive mostly within a cycle or two.
With the advanced surgical procedure put to use, it has become less expensive and the chances of conceiving is risen to considerable levels. So you should never neglect when there is a sign of blockage. Get it immediately checked by the best Infertility Specialist.
Imaging tests can help doctors conclude whether there are any blockages in one or both fallopian tubes. If test is proven positive, cannulation procedure can be successful when blockage is at the tube closest to the womb (uterus) called a proximal tubal obstruction. And, the same procedure can be conducted for the mid tubal blockage.
In this procedure, doctor prescribes antibiotics and pain medication when it is necessary.
- Patients may find it discomfort with FTR in such cases an intravenous line is placed before the procedure begins.
- Patient is made to relax and to get relieved from pain; Infertility Specialist administer short-acting medications.
- Speculum is placed into the Vagina, and small plastic tube is inserted into the uterus through the cervix.
- During this process, Catheter allows a liquid contrast agent seldom called as dye into the Vagina.
- By making use of X-ray camera, the entire uterine cavity is thoroughly examined.
- Doctors will get a complete picture of uterus-and-fallopian –tube in the hystero-salpingogram, HSG.
- From this picture, doctor can determine the presence of blockage on one or both fallopian tubes.
- If there are any blockages, a smaller catheter is laced to first catheter and then let-in to fallopian tube to clear blockage.
Patients may confront slight discomfort like cramping, mild bleeding, or spotting for next 3 to 5 days after the procedure.
Patients who have suffered from bad infections such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, or severe scars from prior surgery may find less success in FTR and this result to marginal chances of pregnancy.
Successful FTR and pregnancy chances are less when severe scarring is present from prior surgery or bad infections, such as PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease).