Insomnia is a common condition that makes it difficult for you to sleep and in most of the cases it causes you to wake up early and makes you feel tired after you wake up from sleep. Sleeping hours differs from person to person, but most of the adults need 7-8 hours of continuous sleep at night for better health. Insomnia also affects your fertility and can lead to major health issues.
Types of Insomnia
Insomnia is categorized into two types depending on the severity.
Acute insomnia generally last for days or weeks and is caused due to stress or traumatic events in your life.
Chronic insomnia generally lasts for a month or more and is mainly associated with major health diseases.
Insomnia problems are generally associated with the following symptoms:
- Difficulty in falling asleep
- Waking up during night
- Waking up too early
- Daytime tiredness
Insomnia and Fertility
Sleep deprivation can affect your overall health. The common side effects caused due to insomnia include depression and heart failure. Sleep deprivation can also hamper your sex drive resulting in infertility in both men and women.
Insomnia and Female Infertility
Insomnia generally results in release of stress hormones in your body. Stress hormones disturb your menstruation cycle and may also interfere with follicle development. There are certain inflammatory responses that are triggered in your body due to sleep deprivation. Compromised immune system is generally seen in insomnia patients.
Higher level of interleukin-6 in your body can lead to infertility. Interleukin-6 is produced in your body at the site of inflammation and this chemical plays an important role in unexplained infertility. Most women with infertility are found to have higher interleukin-6 when compared to fertile women.
Sleep quality mainly affects the hormones that are involved in the reproduction and fertility. Fertility hormones generally have 24 hour cycle that gets disturbed due to improper sleep. A disruption to the body clocks is associated with negative reproductive outcomes in most of the cases.
For reproductive hormones to get released in your body, you need to have a proper 24 hour cycle. Sleep disorders generally interfere with the hormonal environment that is required for successful conception. Due to the disruption of your sleep cycle, the melatonin production in your body also gets disturbed.
Melatonin is usually released in your body during the night time by the pineal gland located in your brain. Melatonin is released only in dark conditions and can cause sleepiness. Once released the melatonin levels remains elevated for approximately 12 hours.
Insomnia and Male Infertility
According to a recent study, sleep disruption also affects male fertility. Men with disrupted sleep or insomnia have 29% lower sperm concentration in their semen when compared to men who have proper sleep.
In few cases normally structured sperm are not found in men who do not sleep properly. Insomnia along with anxiety can have a negative effect on male fertility and in most of the cases can result in infertility.
Insomnia problems are common in all age groups, but it mainly affects fertility in both men and women after they reach puberty. Effect of insomnia is mostly seen in women as they experience difficulty in conception. You can consult best infertility specialist in Hyderabad at Hegde fertility center.
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