Infertility, generally refers to as the incapability to conceive.It is a condition characteristic of the inability to conceive in spite of having regular and unprotected sex. Another way of terming infertility is the biological inability of an individual to contribute to a fruitful conception.
In infertility, either both the partners, or individuals are responsible for the condition. When the female partner fails to carry pregnancy for a full term, it is also considered as infertility. Usually, couples who fail to conceive after twelve months of regular intercourse without contraceptives are considered as infertile.
Signs and Symptoms of Infertility
Numerous factors contribute to infertility. The symptoms and signs associated with infertility are generally related to many underlying conditions.
Common Signs of Infertility in Women
The common symptoms of infertility in women include:
The average period-cycle is 28 days long. Even if there is a difference of two or three days, it is considered as normal, as long as the cycle is consistent. The normal cycles are considered as: 31-days, 33-days, and 35-days cycle.
When the period-cycles vary to a great extent, and when you are unable to estimate when it is going to occur, the chances are you have irregular periods. Hormonal issues or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) can cause irregular periods. In most cases, irregular periods lead to infertility.
Heavy or Painful Periods
It is common to experience mild cramps during menstrual days. But, painful and severe cramps that interfere with your day-to-day activities maybe symptoms of endometriosis. This condition can lead to infertility in women.
No Menstrual Periods
There can be an off-month here and there that are caused due to many factors. Some of the common factors that results in no menstrual periods include stress and heavy workouts. If you continuously miss your periods for months, it is the right time to get your fertility checked to avoid complications.
Hormonal fluctuation is one of the common signs that indicate underlying fertility issues. The common signs, or symptoms of hormonal fluctuations are as follows:
- Skin problems.
- Reduced libido, or sex drive.
- Excessive facial hair.
- Weight gain.
- Thinning of hair.
- Painful intercourse, or pain during penetration.
Continuous or prolonged pain during intercourse is not normal as it may be due to hormonal issues like endometriosis. When you experience painful sex, it is better to consult your gynecologist to avoid complications.
Common Signs of Infertility in Men
The common and frequent signs are:
Testicle Pain, or Swelling
Testicle swelling is a common symptom of infertility. Many factors may contribute to the swelling and pain in your testicles. Testicle pain and swelling also cause discomfort during the intercourse and is one of the prominent causes of infertility.
Changes in Sexual Desire
Male infertility is also linked to hormonal imbalances. Changes in the hormone levels in your body can lead to changes in sexual desires which may eventually result in infertility.
Problems With Proper Erection
Hormonal fluctuations may also lead to problems with maintaining an erection. Reduction in the level of hormones quiet generally increases the risk of infertility in men.
Problems With Proper Ejaculation
The inability to ejaculate is a common sign associated with infertility. Consult an infertility specialist for a thorough diagnosis for your problems with ejaculation.
Firm, Small Testicles
The quality and quantity of the sperm is determined by testicle health. Having a small or firm testicles may require a visit to your infertility specialist to avoid the risk of infertility.
It is important that you consult an infertility specialist if you experience any of the above signs or symptoms. Hegde Fertility Centre houses an excellent group of infertility specialists, and our center is the best in fertility treatments in Hyderabad. We welcome you to one of our IVF centers in Hyderabad, and find solutions to any fertility related issues and carry a healthy pregnancy.