Parenthood is one of the most precious and inevitable phase of life. For some, the process of conceiving and giving birth can be easy. But there are some others who, due to problems related to infertility cannot easily conceive. It is important to understand the problem of infertility and the underlying cause, before any treatment can be started. Also, once the problem is understood, it is easier to take preventive measures. Here are a few inputs on the causes of fertility, the preventive measures, and how it should be treated.
What is Infertility?
The definition of infertility says that when even after 12 months time period of unprotected sex, someone is unable to conceive, it can be termed as infertility. It can be of two types, primary and secondary. In case of primary infertility it will mean that person never experienced a live birth, and in the case of secondary infertility it means, that, the person has conceived before, but is unable to achieve a live birth at that point of time. Infertility can be preventable or non preventable, based on its nature.
Preventive Measures and Treatment of Infertility
There are certain types of infertility, which can be prevented, but there are a few non preventable type of infertility too.
- Preventable infertility is an infertility that spreads through infections or parasitic or infectious diseases. This type of infertility includes sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis etc and parasitic diseases like malaria, tuberculosis among other things.
- Non preventable infertility means infertility that cannot be prevented by exercising caution. This includes anatomical, hormonal, immunological problems among others.
Prevention of infertility means to generally have a healthy life style, such as, eating health food, exercising, maintaining personal hygiene, not smoking etc. apart from these there are many other ways, by which a person can prevent infertility, irrespective of gender. However, there are certain treatments available that can considerably cut down the chances of infertility, if not solve it altogether.
This is probably the most popular technique of treating infertility. In this process, the eggs of a woman is surgically removed and mixed with a man’s sperm in a glass dish. It takes the eggs a couple of days to fertilize, and then they are placed in the woman’s womb once again. IVF is comparatively an expensive procedure, but effective for sure.
This medication is used to improve the ovulation but this should be combined with intrauterine insemination, so as to increase the chances of conceiving.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
When the use of Clomiphene citrate fails, then this process is used, where, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone is used to stimulate the ovary to increase ovulation. Since this is a fertility drug that is very potent, it should be used under medical prescription.
There are many other treatments too, for infertility, and as science progresses, newer development in this field is expected. The patient should be diagnosed very well first to understand the cause of infertility before deciding on the process of treatment.