Infertility is the most common problem seen globally in Most of the women. Infertility is a condition where the woman is unable to conceive. Infertility can be seen in both or either of the partners. Infertility can be caused due to many reasons and it can be treated with medication and different treatments like in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination(IUI).
Causes of Infertility
The cause of fertilization differs from person to person and is different in both men and women. The different causes of infertility are:
Causes of Infertility in women
The different factors that can cause infertility in women are:
- Fallopian tube damage
- Ovulation problems
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Gynaecological condition
- Thyroid problems
Causes of Male Infertility
Factors that can cause infertility in men include:
- Low sperm count
- Poor quality of sperm
- Erection problem
- Difficulty in ejaculating
- Testes inflammation
- Radiotherapy or surgery history
- Genetic problems
Stress – Major cause of Infertility
Stress is one of the major causes of infertility in both men and women. Stress can be caused due to a wide variety of reasons. In stressful conditions women will have ovulation problems. Stress can alter the signal that goes to the brain during the process of ovulation. Women generally release eggs every month. Hormones are responsible for the release of eggs from the ovaries. There are certain hormones present in the body that triggers the ovaries to release eggs every month. When women are going through stress they ovulate less regularly and thus it is difficult for them to plan a baby.
Adrenaline is a hormone that is release under stress by both men and women. Adrenaline does not allow your body to utilize progesterone. Progesterone utilization is necessary for fertility. Other hormones apart from adrenaline that is responsible for infertility is prolactin which is released by pituitary glands. In stressful condition prolactin levels increases in the body.
Stress hormones like adrenaline, catecholamine and cortisol are generally released in the body in extreme stress conditions. High levels of stress hormones in the body inhibit the release of sex hormones. Inhibition of sex hormone release can suppress the ovulation process in women and decreases the sperm count in men.
GnRH (Gonadotropin releasing hormone) hormone plays a major in releasing the hormones from pituitary gland that stimulates the gonads in both men and women. Stimulation of gonads increases the sex hormonal levels in both men and women. Increased stress can halt the release of hormones in the body and can result in infertility.
Cost Effective Infertility Treatment
Infertility can be treated mainly by 2 methods:
IVF treatment-IVF Centres
In-vitro fertilization is a fertility treatment that helps in conception of a child. In in-vitro fertilization (IVF) mature eggs are collected and fertilized by sperm in Petri dishes in lab. These fertilized eggs are then implanted in the uterus. Each cycle of in-vitro fertilization takes about 2 weeks for it to complete. IVF treatment can be done at IVF centre in Madhapur. Hegde fertility clinic is one of the best Fertility Center in Hyderabad.
IUI Treatment-IUI Centres
Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment in which the sperms are placed inside the uterus. This procedure is to increase the number of sperm that reaches the fallopian tube. Sperm has to reach the fertilized egg on its own and is a less invasive procedure.