Sperm disorders generally include the abnormality or defects in the quality or quantity of the sperms produced and defects in sperm emission. Sperm are produced in the testes through a process called spermatogenesis.
During the process of spermatogenesis the immature cells called spermatogonia develops in to mature sperm cells called spermatozoa. The complete process of development of a mature sperm takes place in seminiferous tubules. Each germ cell takes around 72-74 days to completely mature.
Sperm disorders results in production of inadequate quantity of sperm or azoospermia. In most of the cases defects are seen in the quality of the sperm such as abnormal motility and structure.
Impaired Spermatogenesis and Sperm emission
Impaired spermatogenesis generally leads to production of abnormal quality of sperms and inadequate quantity of sperms. The factors that lead to spermatogenesis impairment include:
- Genetic disorder
- Endocrine diseases
Impaired sperm emission is generally caused due to the following reasons:
- Neurological dysfunction
- Transurethral resection of the prostate
- Obstruction of the vas deferens
- Absence of seminal vesicles
- Retrograde ejaculation into the bladder
Sperm Disorders and Infertility
Sperm disorders generally lead to infertility due to the poor quality and quantity of the sperms. The infertility specialists usually evaluate the male partner for the sperm disorders. Conditions like oligospermia and azoospermia results in infertility in most of the cases. A detailed semen analysis is done to evaluate the quality of the sperms.
When the sperm count is less than 10 million/ml and an abnormal motility is observed, your infertility specialist will recommend certain treatments to avoid infertility. Decreased number and viable sperms may not preclude pregnancy; in such cases assisted reproductive techniques are generally considered.
Sperm Disorder Treatment to prevent Infertility
Assisted reproductive techniques are used to treat sperm disorders leading to infertility. The most effective treatment for sperm disorder is in vitro fertilization (IVF) via intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Intra uterine insemination is also used in case of sperm disorders to achieve healthy pregnancy.
IVF treatment or In vitro fertilization is used for both male and female infertility issues. In case of defects in sperm quality in vitro fertilization treatment is used to fertilize eggs in the laboratory conditions. ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is used during IVF treatment. During ICSI treatment the sperms cells are directly injected into the egg cells for fertilization.
ICSI is also used when the sperm number is very less. ICSI is generally used in combination with IVF treatment. The success rate of IVF and ICSI are high and results in healthy pregnancy.
For a successful IVF treatment, a healthy ova and sperm is required that can help in fertilization. IVF can also be used when either a donor egg or donor sperm is used for fertilization. After the successful fertilization, the embryo will be transferred into the uterus for further development.
Sperm disorders can lead to infertility in men and can be treated under the supervision of infertility specialist. Hegde fertility center is the best fertility center in Hyderabad. Male fertility issues can be treated by the infertility specialist. For IVF treatment you can contact the best IVF center in Hyderabad. The IVF cost is affordable and can be done at competitive rates.