Polycystic ovarian syndrome also called as PCOS is a condition where hormonal imbalance is observed in your body. During PCOS in women, the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. Hormonal imbalance generally results in growth of masses of cells on the ovaries. These benign masses of cells on the ovaries are called cysts.
PCOS can leads to different health issues in women like: fertility issues and menstrual cycle problems and in few rare cases can affect cardiac functions.
Causes of polycystic ovarian syndrome
The exact cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome is unknown. Generally it is believed that hormonal imbalance and genes play a major role in causing PCOS. High levels of androgen in your body can lead to polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Androgen is a male sex hormone present in both men and women. High levels of androgen in your body can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation process. Androgen levels are also increased due to excess insulin in the body.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Symptoms
Polycystic ovarian syndrome symptoms become visible soon after the start of menstrual cycle. The severity and type of PCOS varies from person to person. PCOS is marked by a decrease in female sex hormones. The most common symptoms of PCOS include:
- Excess hair on face, chest, thumbs and toes
- Breast size reduction
- Deep husky voice
- Thinning of hair
- Weight gain
- Pelvic pain
In most of the cases, women have other concurrent health issues like, diabetes, hypertensions and high cholesterol levels in the body.
Diagnosis of PCOS
There are no specific diagnostic tests that can help in diagnosis of PCOS. Usually your gynaecologist will review your medical history and symptoms to diagnose the disease. The common diagnostic tests include:
- Blood tests are commonly done to check the hormone levels in your body.
- Thyroid function tests are done to monitor the thyroid hormone production in your body
- Fasting glucose test is generally done to measure the blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can also lead to PCOS.
- Cholesterol levels are monitored through lipid level tests as high cholesterol levels can increase the risk of PCOS.
- Vaginal ultrasound is done to examine the reproductive organs. Ultrasound images helps in visualizing the exact size and shape of the cyst.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome Treatment
PCOS treatment varies depending on the patient’s condition. Early diagnosis of PCOS helps in avoiding complications. In severe cases laparoscopy needs to be done to remove the cyst. A healthy balanced diet and regular physical activities is recommended for women suffering with PCOS.
Regular exercise and healthy diet can also help in regulating your menstrual cycle and lower your blood sugar levels. In few rare cases ovarian drilling is done to promote ovulation and reduce male hormone levels in your body.
If you are suffering with PCOS, you can consult the gynaecologist for treatment. Experienced gynaecologists are present in different branches of hedge hospitals like:
Hegde hospital has the best gynaecologists in Hyderabad who can efficiently treat PCOS.