Ovaries are the female reproductive glands that produce eggs. Ovaries also produce hormones like estrogen and progesterone. Cancer starts developing when the abnormal cells in your ovaries begin to multiply and grows uncontrollably.
Ovarian cancer is one of the common types of cancer that starts in your ovaries and can spread to other parts of your body. Only twenty percent of ovarian cancer cases are detected at an early stage.
Types of Ovarian Cancer
Your ovaries are made up of three types of cells and each cell can develop into a different type of cancer. The most common types of cancer based on the type of cells include:
- Epithelial tumour
Epithelial tumour generally appears in the outer layers of your ovaries. Around 90 % of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumours.
- Stromal tumour
This kind of tumour grows in the hormone producing cells. Around 7% of the ovarian cancers are stromal cancers or stromal tumours.
- Germ cell tumour
Germ cell tumours generally develop in the egg producing cells. Germ cell tumours are reported very rarely when compared to stromal cell tumour and epithelial tumours.
Ovarian cysts are generally not cancerous and they are considered as benign cysts. A very small number of cysts are considered as cancerous. An ovarian cyst is mainly a collection of fluid or air that develops in or around your ovaries.
In most of the cases an ovarian cyst forms as a normal part of ovulation in your body. Cysts are a major concern when you are unable to ovulate. Women generally ovulate after Menopause.
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
The common symptoms that appear while suffering with ovarian cancer include:
- Abdominal bloating
- Abnormal fullness after eating
- Difficulty in eating
- Increased urination
- Back pain
- Menstrual irregularities
- Pain while sexual intercourse
All the above symptoms persist for a longer time in case when you are suffering with ovarian cancer. Symptoms become more severe as the tumour grows in your body.
Causes of Ovarian Cancer
The exact causes of ovarian cancer are still unknown but, there are certain factors that are known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer. The common risk factors include:
- Old age
- Family history of ovarian cancer
- Genetic mutations of genes
- History of breast, colon and uterine cancer
- Excess use of certain fertility drugs and hormonal therapies
Ovarian cancer treatment is possible on early diagnosis. If you experience any symptoms related to ovarian cancer, you can consult the gynaecologist in Hyderabad. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Hyderabad who can efficiently treat ovarian cancer.
Experienced gynaecologists are available in different branches of Hegde hospitals. Gynaecologist in Kondapur treat ovarian cancer cases at competitive rates. Gynaecologist in Gachibowli is also known for giving successful results for ovarian cancer cases. Ovarian cyst treatment and ovarian cancer treatment is possible at Hegde hospitals.