Testicles also called as testis are a part of male reproductive system that is located inside the scrotum. Testicles are responsible to produce male hormones like testosterone. Testicles also produce sperm and other reproductive cells. Any problem in the testicles can cause hormonal imbalance and infertility.
Disorders that Affect Testicles
The common disorders that affect testicles include:
Testicular trauma generally occurs during physical activities like sports and in few cases it can cause due to injury. Testicular trauma can cause severe pain, bruising and swelling of the testes. In very rare cases it can cause testicular rupture that occurs due to a direct blow or injury. In severe cases surgery is required to repair the rupture.
Testicles are located in the scrotum and secured on either side by structure called spermatic cord. In few cases the cord generally gets twisted around the testicle that blocks the blood supply to the testicle.
The common symptoms of testicular torsion include sudden and severe pain. In few cases you will experience that your testicles will become enlarged and swollen up. Testicular torsion is common in among men who are under the age of 25 years. Testicular torsion generally results due to injury or strenuous activity.
Testicular cancer generally occurs when abnormal cells in your testicles divide and grow uncontrollably resulting in development of cancer. There are certain benign non cancerous tumors that may progress and become cancerous with time.
Testicular cancer can develop in one or both of the testicles at any stage. The common symptoms associated with testicular cancer include: lumps and irregularity or enlargement in either of your testicles. An unusual feeling of heaviness is generally felt in the scrotum during testicular cancer.
An inflammation of epididymis results in development of epididymitis. Epididymis is a coiled tube that is present on and around your testicles. Epididymis is responsible for transport and storage of sperm cells that are produced in testicles.
Epididymitis is caused due to infection or sexually transmitted disease. It is mostly common after years of age. Urinary tract infection with bacteria can also lead to epididymitis. The common symptoms associated with epididymitis are scrotal pain and swelling. In few cases pain is experienced during intercourse and urination.
The main function of your testes is to secrete the hormone called testosterone. Testosterone plays an important role in maintenance and development of male physical characteristics. The male features such as muscle mass, fat distribution, sperm production and sex drive is due to hypogonadism. Hypogonadism usually leads to erectile dysfunction and in severe cases can cause infertility.
Testicular disorders generally results in infertility in most of the cases. It is better to get yourself diagnosed and start the treatment to prevent the risk of infertility. Infertility in men is generally reported depending on the severity of the testicular disorders. When you experience any testicular disorder that can affect your fertility, you must consult the infertility specialist.
You can consult the fertility center for treating the testicular disorders. Hegde fertility center is the best fertility center in Hyderabad having the best infertility specialist who can treat the fertility issues. Infertility treatment in Hyderabad is common and can be performed at competitive rates.