The abnormal growth that develops in or on the women’s uterus is referred as the fibroids. Fibroid tumours becomes large in most of cases and lead to severe abdominal pain and results in heavy periods. In few cases fibroid tumour cause no symptoms.
Around 70-80 % of the women experience fibroids tumours by the age of 50. Generally the growths are typically benign or non cancerous.
Types of Fibroids
There are 4 different types of fibroids that develop in or on the uterus.
- Intramural Fibroids
It is a common type of fibroids that appears within the lining of the uterus or endometrium. There is a chance of intramural fibroids growing larger in size and can cause your womb to stretch.
- Subserosol Fibroids
These types of fibroids appear on the outer side of your uterus and are generally referred as serosa. These kind of fibroid tumours grow larger in size and make your womb bigger on one side.
- Pedunculated Fibroids
When there is a slender base develops with subserosol fibroids, they are called pedunculated fibroids.
- Submucosal Fibroids
Submucosal fibroids generally develop in the myometrium of your uterus. Myometrium is the inner lining of your uterus. Submucosal fibroids are not as common as other tumours. When these submucosal fibroids develops they cause heavy menstrual bleeding and can cause trouble while conception.
Causes of Fibroids in Uterus
The main cause of fibroids development in uterus is unclear, but there are several factors that can increase the risk of fibroids.
There are two important hormones that are produced by the ovaries namely, estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are responsible for regeneration of uterine lining during each menstrual cycle which results in stimulation of the growth of fibroids.
If you are having a family history of fibroid tumour, you are more likely to suffer with the same disease.
Pregnancy causes an gradual increase in estrogen and progesterone levels in your body. Increase hormone level results in rapid growth of fibroid tumour.
Fibroid Tumour Symptoms
Symptoms generally depend on the size and location of fibroid tumour. Small tumours do not cause any visible symptoms. The common symptoms of fibroids include:
- Heavy bleeding
- Appearance of blood clots during the menstrual period
- Pelvic pain or lower back pain
- Menstrual cramping
- Abdominal swelling or enlargement of abdomen.
- Pressure in your lower abdomen
Fibroid treatment plan generally depends on your age and size of the fibroid tumour. Certain medicines are given to regulate the hormonal levels in your body. Drop in hormonal levels cause the menstruation to stop and shrink the fibroid tumours.
Fibroid surgery is done in very rare cases and it is also called as abdominal myomectomy. Abdominal myomectomy involves a large incision through which the fibroids can be removed. Fibroid surgery can also be performed through laparoscopy as small incisions are made during this procedure.
You can consult the infertility specialist in Hitech city when you experience any symptoms related to fibroid tumours. Diseases conditions like PCOS and PCOD can also be treated. PCOD treatments is common and easy at Hegde fertility clinics.