Cigarette smoking might not only develop cancer, lung and heart disease, it might also interfere with the fertility system in women, researchers reported.
Smith of the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo stated that women who smoked frequently and started at the young age went through menopause two years earlier than women who never smoked.
Women who have inhaled the smoke went through menopause an average of 13 months earlier than women who did not breathe in the smoke, the team reported to the journal Tobacco Control.
The research has considered over 93,000 women participated in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998. They filled few questionnaires on health problems, lifestyle and medical diagnoses.
Researchers found that women who smoked at least 100 cigars had a 14 percent risk of infertility and 26 percent risk of menopause before they turned 50.
Apparently, women who grew up with a smoker for 10 years, lived with a partner who smoked for more than 20 years and those who worked with smokers for 10 years were 18 percent more likely to have infertility problems than women who never spent with smokers.
On a whole around 15 percent of the women had faced problems to conceive for a year and 45 percent of women went through the menopause phase before they turned 50. Tobacco also contains endocrine disruptors, chemicals that can result in infertility problems.
The toxins present in tobacco smoke can affect the production of hormones related to fertility cycles. Those toxins can hinder the production of egg cells, can hurt the embryo before it gets implanted in the uterus wall and can limit the processes that prepare a womb for pregnancy, stressed researchers.
They added on saying that tobacco toxins can lower the age of natural menopause by lowering circulating estrogen. Smoking can pose severe damage to the male Y chromosome in men.