Infertility generally refers to an inability to conceive. Infertility is a condition that occurs when you are unable to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. It can also be considered as the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception.
Either or both the partners are responsible for infertility. In cases when the female partner is unable to carry pregnancy for a full term, it is also considered as infertility. Usually couples who are unable to conceive after 12 months of regular intercourse without the use of contraception are considered to be infertile.
Signs and Symptoms of Infertility
There are numerous factors that contribute to infertility. The signs and symptoms associated with infertility are generally related to many underlying conditions.
Common Signs of Infertility in Women
The common symptoms associated with infertility in women include the following:
- Irregular periods
The average cycle is 28 days long. It is considered as normal when there is a difference of few days, as long as the cycle is consistent. The cycles that are considered as normal are: 31-day cycle, 33-day cycle and 35-day cycle.
In cases when the cycles vary greatly and you are unable to estimate when it is going to arrive, it is considered as irregular periods. Irregular periods can be mainly due to hormonal issues or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Irregular periods generally lead to infertility in most of the cases.
- Heavy or painful periods
Mild cramps are normal during menstrual periods whereas, painful and severe cramps that interfere with your daily life may indicate the symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis may also lead to infertility in women.
- No menstrual periods
There are many factors that can lead to an off month here and there. The common factors that results in no menstrual periods include: stress and heavy workouts. In case if you continuously miss your periods for months, it’s the right time to get your fertility checked to avoid complications.
- Hormonal fluctuations
Hormonal fluctuation is one of the common sign that indicate the fertility issues. Hormonal fluctuations can be understood by the following common symptoms:
- Skin problems
- Reduced sex drive
- Excessive facial hair
- Weight gain
- Thinning of hair
- Pain during intercourse
Pain during intercourse is not normal as it may be due to hormonal issues like endometriosis. When you experience painful sex, it is better to consult your gynecologist to avoid complications.
Common signs of Infertility in Men
The common signs that are associated with infertility in men are:
- Testicle pain or swelling
Testicle swelling is the common symptom of infertility. There are many factors that are responsible for swelling and pain in your testicles. Testicle pain and swelling also cause discomfort during the intercourse and may lead to infertility in most of the cases.
- Changes in sexual desire
Hormonal imbalance is linked to male infertility. Changes in the hormonal levels in your body can lead to changes in sexual desires which eventually results in infertility.
- Erection problem
Hormonal fluctuations also lead to problems in maintaining erections. Reduces levels of hormones generally increase the risk of infertility in men.
- Ejaculation problem
An inability to ejaculate is a common sign that is associated with infertility. It is recommended to consult an infertility specialist for ejaculation problem.
- Firm, small testicles
Testicle health is important for maintaining a good quality and quantity of sperms. Small or firm testicles may require a visit to your infertility specialist to avoid the risk of infertility.
When you experience any of the above mention sign and symptoms of infertility, you need to consult the infertility specialist. Hegde fertility center is the best fertility center in Hyderabad having the best infertility specialist. You can also consult the IVF hospital in Hyderabad to solve the fertility issues and carry a healthy pregnancy.