Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that can affect your fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries. When left untreated the pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to blockages or adhesions. Adhesions are seen when the tissues become stuck together and this condition may lead to infertility. The risk of infertility is more when the adhesions are seen around the fallopian tube.
How to identify whether you have PID or not?
Generally, mild symptoms of discomfort are reported while suffering from pelvic inflammatory diseases. You need to look for the following conditions:
- Pain in the pelvis
- Deep pain during sex
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Bleeding after intercourse
- Smelly vaginal discharge
- Pain in your back passage
Ectopic pregnancy is an indication that you are suffering from the pelvic inflammatory disease. The following conditions are common when you have the severe pelvic inflammatory disease:
- Pus- filled abscesses that develops in the ovaries and fallopian tubes
- Inflammation in the thin lining of tissue that lines your abdomen.
- High fever
- Nausea and vomiting
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Infertility
If you are suffering from mild pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID), your chances of being pregnant are high. One or two episodes of PID will not affect your fertility. When you have severe PID or if it is left untreated, the chances of getting pregnant gradually decrease.
It is estimated that around one in five women suffering from PID will have fertility problems. PID can cause damage to the fallopian tubes and can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease can be caused due to a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The infection will spread through the opening of your uterus to other parts like fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Your chances of getting pelvic inflammatory disease increases in the following conditions:
- When you have an unprotected sex
- When you are young or under 25
- When you become sexually active at a young age
- When you have multiple sexual partners
- History of sexually transmitted disease
PID can also damage your cervix by making you more prone to infection. In few cases, recurrence of infection is also reported.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Diagnosis
In the case of visible symptoms, you doctor will recommend you to go for a diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections. Usually, samples are taken from your vagina and cervix for diagnosis of possible STIs like Chlamydia. Initially, blood tests are also done to diagnose the disease.
Fertility Treatment for Patients with PID History
Initially, any damage to the fallopian tube caused due to PID needs to be addressed. You may also need to go for laparoscopy for detailed surgical investigation. Laparoscopy will help your doctor to visualize the complete pelvic region.
Laparoscopy also helps in visualizing the fallopian tube and any scarring and blockage that can lead to complications. In few cases, lap and dye test are also done to diagnose this disease. In the case of any serious problem the following infertility treatments can be used to deal with PID patients:
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Tubal surgery to repair the damage caused to the fallopian tubes
It is better to consult an infertility specialist to diagnose the fertility problems caused due to PID. If you are planning for an IVF treatment, you can consult the IVF center in Hyderabad that has best infertility specialist. IVF cost is reasonable and the treatment is known to give high IVF success rate.