Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health problem caused in women that is caused due to reproductive hormonal imbalance. The egg that is released every month as a part of the healthy menstrual cycle may not develop properly as it should during polycystic ovarian syndrome. In few cases the eggs will not be released during ovulation when you are suffering with PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome can lead to irregular menstrual periods in most of the cases. Irregular menstrual period can cause female infertility or results in development of cysts in the ovaries. PCOS is commonly seen in 5-10% of women of childbearing age. PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.
Symptoms of PCOS
The most common symptoms your will observe in PCOS are:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Excess of facial hair
- Thinning of hair
- Weight gain
- Darkening of skin
- Unable to conceive
Diagnosis of PCOS
It is difficult to diagnose PCOS in the initial stages. Polycystic ovary syndrome can lead to type 2 diabetes and might also increase the risk of endometrial cancer if left untreated. There are no specific diagnostic tests that can help in diagnosis of PCOS.
The symptoms vary in each woman suffering with PCOS thus, making the diagnosis more difficult. The follicles and cysts keep accumulating in the ovaries as and when the eggs are released every month.
The common signs that can help in diagnosis of PCOS include:
- Excess of male hormone
- Irregular periods
- 12 or more cysts on the ovaries.
Ultrasound is preferred by most of the doctors that can help in diagnosing cyst. Early diagnosis helps in PCOS treatment. The different diagnostic tests that can help your doctor in diagnosing PCOS include:
- Physical examination
Physical examination is the initial step in diagnosing PCOS. Your gynaecologist might check your blood pressure, BMI and waist size. Excess of facial hair and skin discolouration are one of the features in PCOS
- Pelvic examination
Pelvic examination is required to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome. Your gynaecologist might check the presence of male hormones in excess. During pelvic examination your gynaecologist might also check the size of the ovary.
- Pelvic ultrasound
Pelvic ultrasound uses sound waves to check the presence of cyst. It also helps in examining the endometrium.
- Blood tests
Blood tests are commonly done to check the levels of hormones in your body. Male hormone levels increases in your body while suffering with PCOS. Apart from hormonal levels, it also helps in testing the cholesterol levels in your body.
If you are facing fertility issues due to PCOS then you can contact infertility specialists in different areas like: