In vitro maturation (IVM) is a revolutionary fertility treatment that is safer and cheaper when compared to the conventional in vitro fertilization treatment (IVF).
IVF treatment makes use of medications to bring a patient’s egg to maturity before removing them from the ovary.
During IVM treatment, the eggs are removed from the ovary while they are in immature stage and these eggs are matured in the laboratory conditions. Generally immature eggs are collected with the help of ultrasound scan from minimally stimulated and unstimulated ovaries.
An immature egg usually takes around 24-48 hours in the laboratory conditions to become mature. In the laboratory, certain hormones are used along with the culture medium to bring the eggs to maturity.
The mature eggs are then fertilized through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). During ICSI, a very tiny needle is used containing one sperm which can be directly injected into the egg for fertilization. After the process of fertilization is complete, the resulting eggs can be transferred to the uterus.
Candidate for IVM Treatment
IVM is not appropriate for all women facing fertility issues. Women who can be benefited with IVM include:
- Who are at high risk of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Who are suffering with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
- Who are younger and have normal menstruation cycles.
Advantages of In vitro maturation (IVM) when combined with natural cycle of IVF
Most of the fertility clinics use IVM along with IVF cycle to increase the chances of conception. The common advantages of using in vitro maturation (IVM) are:
- More Embryos
Natural IVF cycle generally creates a single mature embryo whereas; IVM creates more number of embryos without using the stimulating drugs. During IVM around 70-80 % of the immature eggs are collected from the ovaries.
These immature eggs become mature in the laboratory by using a culture medium and hormones. The ovaries will mature in 24-48 hours in the culture medium. Thus IVM process results in several viable embryos. These embryos can be frozen and stored for future use and transferred in a subsequent cycle.
- Success Rates
Success rates are high while using IVM for treating infertility. Immature eggs collection increase the chance of creating more embryos which results in an increased rate in healthy pregnancy.
- Healthy and Fit Babies
Around 2500 babies are born worldwide using IVM treatment and all are reported to be healthy and fit physically.
- More affordable
IVM treatment cost is much affordable when compared to IVF treatment because IVF make use of stimulating medication for the production of eggs.
- Safer Treatment
In vitro maturation is considered as a safer treatment as it decreases the risk of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS). IVM treatment does not disturb the mother’s menstrual cycle and no suppression drugs are used that can lead to menopause.
IVM fertility treatment can be performed in vitro maturation clinics under the supervision of infertility specialists. Infertility specialist in Hitech City can perform IVM treatment and increase the chances of achieving a healthy pregnancy.
Problems related to infertility in women can be solved by infertility specialist in Kondapur at Hegde fertility center. Infertility treatment cost in Hyderabad is reasonable and is performed by experienced infertility specialists.