Infertility is a condition when the couple is unable to achieve pregnancy due to incapability of one or both the partners. The partners are not able to achieve a healthy pregnancy mainly due to the infertility issues. The common and the first symptom of infertility is the inability to conceive or achieve pregnancy. There are different causes of infertility in both men and women.
Most of the couples do not show any visible signs and symptoms of infertility. However, there are other couples who know that they have been diagnosed with fertility issues in past. Generally the couples achieve pregnancy in the first 12 months of unprotected intercourse. Couples who are unable to achieve pregnancy in the first 12 months of unprotected intercourse are known to be infertile.
Signs of Infertility in Women
The common symptoms of infertility in women include:
Irregular menstrual cycle
The common signs of irregular menstrual cycle include the following:
- Short duration between 2 cycles (less than 21 days)
- Long duration between 2 cycles ( more than 35 days)
- Heavy bleeding
- Short menstruation time
- Pale menstruation
- Clotty or dark purple or black menstruation
- Mid-cycle bleeding
Hormones play an important role in menstruation cycles. Any disturbance in the hormonal levels can disturb your menstruation cycle. Hormonal disturbance can leads to a variety of health issues that generally affect your quality of life. The hormones that are essential for maintaining fertility includes:
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)
- Thyroid hormones
Old age is one of the sign of infertility. During old age there will be a decline in the number of eggs produced by your body which is an important sign of infertility in women. On an average a 30 year old women has 20% chances of getting pregnant.
The chances of pregnancy gradually decrease by 40 years of age to 5%. It is recommended to consult an infertility specialist if you have crossed 35 years of age and is unable to achieve pregnancy.
Previous fertility related diagnosis
Fertility related disorders are one of the primary symptoms of infertility. The common fertility issues are:
- PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome)
- Uterine fibroids
- Ovarian cysts
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Recurrent miscarriages
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Signs of Infertility in Men
It is difficult to identify the signs and symptoms of infertility in men as they do not have a monthly menstrual cycle. Sperm count test is generally the first step in determining the male fertility issue.
Hormonal imbalance can cause fertility issues in both men and women. The most common hormonal disturbance in men is seen due to:
Sperm quality and quantity both affects the fertility in men. The common issues that are concerned with sperm include:
- Vas Deferens blockage varicocele
- Abnormal or poor sperm movement
- Immobile sperm or necrozoospermia
- Abnormal sperm production
- Retrograde ejaculation
- Genetic disorder
- Erectile dysfunction
- Vasectomy reversal
- Undescended testicle
Fertility treatments are generally required for both male and female infertility. For male infertility treatment, you can consult infertility specialist. Hedge fertility center is the best fertility center in Hyderabad having best infertility specialist who can treat the fertility issues in both men and women. The IVF hospital in Hyderabad can help you in achieving a healthy pregnancy through in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment.