Surrogacy is a condition when another woman carries and gives birth to your baby. Surrogacy is generally preferred when the female partner is not able to contribute in achieving a healthy pregnancy or in case when they are having fertility issues.
Surrogacy is necessary in the following conditions:
- Malformation or absence of womb
- Recurrent pregnancy loss
- Repeated in vitro fertilization (IVF) implantation failures.
It is difficult to determine the success rate for surrogacy as many factors need to consider while determining the success rate:
- The ability of the surrogate to get pregnant
- The age of the egg donor
- The success rate of IUI and IVF
- The quality of gamete
Types of Surrogacy
Surrogacy is classified into 2 main categories:
- Straight or traditional surrogacy
Straight surrogacy is the simplest and most common and least expensive form of surrogacy. The other name of straight surrogacy is artificial insemination. In this kind of surrogacy, the baby is conceived using the surrogate’s egg. The surrogate mother can use an insemination kit to become pregnant by making use of father’s semen.
- Host or gestational surrogacy
Host or gestational surrogacy is used in case of IVF procedure. In host surrogacy, the surrogate mother does not use her own eggs to conceive the baby. Host surrogacy is more complicated and expensive when compared to the straight surrogacy.
Host or gestational surrogacy consists of 3 stages:
There are certain special procedures that are used to extract a number of eggs from the egg donor. In few cases daily hormonal injections are required to boost egg production. The surrogate mother also needs to start estrogen tablets that will help in building up the lining of her womb.
The eggs are fertilized in the laboratory condition with the help of father’s semen sample. Suitable eggs are selected for fertilization process.
The egg is transferred into the womb of the surrogate mother after fertilization. The fertilized egg can be transferred either fresh or after having been de-frosted from egg storage.
In case of fresh egg transfer, the monthly cycles of the surrogate mother and the egg donor must be synchronised by using hormone medication. Generally a mock test is done to ensure whether the surrogate mother is capable of being a surrogate.
Generally 2 embryos are placed in the uterus of the surrogate mother. Any extra embryos that are of good quality are frozen for future use.
If you are facing any fertility issues, then you can consult Hegde fertility center for treatment. Surrogacy cost is reasonable and the process can be performed in the fertility centers in Hyderabad to achieve pregnancy.