Polycystic ovary syndrome commonly called as PCOS is a condition that results due to hormonal imbalance. PCOS can lead to menstrual problems and make it difficult for the women to conceive. PCOS can also lead to severe complications, if not treated on time. Generally the sex hormones get out of balance in PCOS.
The main cause of the PCOS is not clearly understood. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is generally related to genetics as people with family history of PCOS are at higher risks of developing PCOS. Male sex hormones androgens are usually produced in the ovaries. These male sex hormones are produced in large amounts during PCOS which results in stopping ovulation to a greater extent.
Due to the excess production of male sex hormone symptoms becomes more visible. The common symptoms include acne, extra facial hair and body hair. During PCOS the body will not be able to utilize insulin that can lead to insulin resistance.
Diagnosis of Polycystic ovary syndrome
The common diagnostic test your doctor might suggest for polycystic ovarian syndrome includes:
- Physical examination
Physical examination is the initial procedure to diagnose a disease. During physical examination your doctor will make a note of the basic information like height, weight and blood pressure.
- Pelvic examination
During pelvic examination, your doctor will visualize your reproductive organs to examine the signs of masses, its growth and abnormalities.
- Blood tests
Blood tests are done to measure the hormonal levels in your body. Apart from the hormonal levels, additional tests like fasting cholesterol and triglycerides levels are also done.
An ultrasound examination is done to get a clear picture of your ovaries and to measure the thickness of the lining of your uterus.
PCOS treatment depends mainly on the life style you carry. A healthy lifestyle has a positive impact on the polycystic ovary syndrome treatment. The basic life style changes that you can make are:
- Maintain a healthy weight
You need to maintain a healthy normal weight as obesity makes insulin resistance worse. Weight loss helps in reducing both insulin and androgen levels in the body. Losing weight also helps in restoring ovulation.
There is no specific diet that can cure polycystic ovary syndrome. The best way to maintain and prevent PCOS is to reduce the number of calories you intake each day.
- Have a healthy balanced diet
The risk of PCOS increases with a low-fat, high carbohydrate diet as it may increase your insulin levels. A low carbohydrate diet is generally preferable for PCOS.
- Regular physical activities
Regular physical activities can help in lowering your blood sugar levels. Daily exercise also prevents insulin resistance and helps you in keeping your weight under control.
The PCOS treatments is done at competitive rates and by skilled professionals. PCOD is another term used for PCOS. PCOD treatment at the specialized fertility centers in Hyderabad. The infertility specialist in Hitech city is known to perform the PCOS treatment effectively in a short span of time. The infertility specialist in Dilsukh nagar and Gachibowli are famous for the infertility treatments.