ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection)
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is one of the assisted reproductive technologies (ART) mainly used for sperm-related infertility problems. ICSI differs from conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF). The process involves inserting a single sperm into a mature egg, which is then placed in a woman’s uterus after fertilization.
Who can go for ICSI Treatment?
ICSI is recommended to people with the following conditions:
• Low sperm count
• Poor morphology (abnormal shape) or poor motility (not moving normally) of the sperm
• If IVF is not successful
• Ejaculation problems
• Frozen sperms
• Surgically retrieved sperms
ICSI Treatment Procedure
ICSI procedure involves taking fertility drugs to stimulate ovaries so as to produce more eggs. Progress will be monitored through vaginal ultrasound scans and blood tests. The eggs retrieval process is the same as IVF and each egg is inserted into a single sperm. The rest process is similar to IVF. If more than one embryo is transferred, the chances of giving birth to twins or triplets are more, hence your doctor will recommend transferring a single embryo. Embryologists will examine the sperm under a microscope and determine whether the ICSI process is successful.
A fine syringe is used to collect sperms from the epididymis. This process is known as percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration’ or PESA. Sperms can be retrieved directly from the testicles through testicular sperm aspiration process. Any tiny quantities of testicular tissue from which the sperm can be extracted can be removed through testicular sperm extraction process. In the case of stored sperm, it will be removed from frozen storage and prepared for the treatment.
Finally, a single sperm is injected into each egg. If fertilization takes place, the embryos will be stored in a laboratory for up to 3 to 5 days and the quality embryos will be transferred to the womb.
Want to undergo ICSI procedure? Consult the best fertility specialists to know your possibilities of success. We have the highly specialized Embryologists in place who can determine your chances and provide the best fertility treatment. Get in touch with us today.