Fertility preservation is to help cancer patients retain their fertility and procreate. The process involves freezing human reproductive tissues that are to be used in vitro fertilization therapies or intra uterine insemination.
The human tissues such as semen, oocytes and embryos are frozen at temperatures lesser than 350 degrees and stored in special tanks. When the patient is ready to undergo the infertility treatment, the Gynaecologist in Hegde Fertility use tissues to impregnate the woman.
Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation treatments cause adverse effects to reproductive health. These treatments attack cancer cells including healthy cells like sperm and ovarian follicle. And, few surgeries affect reproduction function and fertility. However, the risk of infertility depends on various factors:
- Type and dose of drugs
- Type of cancer
- Patient’s age and sex
- Patient’s medical history
In women who have not been through menopause, menstrual cycle becomes irregular and sometimes stops during cancer treatments. Most often, Fertility may be affected even after the treatment. Additionally, cancer treatment can result in early menopause, which lowers the chances for women to have children. In the case of men, decreased fertility is due to the inability of making sperm altogether.
If children are diagnosed with cancer, various treatments like chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery can have lasting effects on the reproductive health and leads to infertility. Hence, it is important to discuss with the infertility specialist before choosing the treatment option.
Men who wish to preserve their fertility before undergoing cancer treatment can freeze their sperm obtained through masturbation. In the case of pre-pubescent boys, sperm can be obtained through testicular aspiration and stored for future use.
In females, mature eggs are fertilized outside the body with the sperm of a donor or partner. The resulting embryo is then frozen and when the patient is ready to undergo the treatment, the embryo is implanted into the uterus for maturation and birth. Although the method is very popular for fertility preservation, it does not work in pre-pubescent girls. The procedure is not suitable for patients suffering from hormone-sensitivity cases such as breast and ovarian cancer. Alternative treatments such as letrozole or tamoxifen are recommended for women with hormone-sensitive cancers.
If you are planning for fertility preservation, talk to our Best Gynecologist to determine your chances and choose the appropriate treatment option to ensure success.Contact us at 040-4260 7310 for details on IVF cost in India. Book an appointment now!