Sexually transmitted diseases commonly referred as STDs are the infections that are spread through unprotected sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are serious illness and that requires immediate medical attention as it can lead to life threatening diseases.
Most of the sexually transmitted diseases cannot be cured and may be deadly. Your chances of getting infected with STDs are more during the intercourse with an infected person
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Affect on Pregnancy
Sexually transmitted disease can cause harm to you and your developing baby depending on the type and severity of infection.
In cases when HIV infection is left and untreated, there is a risk of transmission of infection to the baby in your womb. With the help of certain medication, it is possible to control the spread of infection to the baby. But in rare cases the baby may develop HIV infection.
Herpes infection does not cause any harm to the baby till the delivery. During delivery the baby comes in contact with active herpes lesions on the genitals that are highly contagious. As the baby is born, the virus infects the baby and then it starts multiplying and become infectious before showing any visible symptoms in the baby.
It is recommended to have a cesarean section to prevent the transmission of herpes virus to the new born.
Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted disease seen in women. During pregnancy gonorrhea can cause vaginal discharge and burning sensation while emptying the bladder. Abdominal pain is common during gonorrhea infection.
Gonorrhea increases the risk of miscarriage or preterm delivery when left untreated during pregnancy. When the mothers having an active infection deliver a baby, it results in blindness and joint infection in new born.
HPV or Genital Warts
Genital wart is a very common STD that often appears in the form of cauliflower like clusters that may cause burning and itching sensation. In case if you are suffering with genital wart during pregnancy, the treatment will be delayed until you deliver the baby.
In few cases the pregnancy hormones can make them grow larger in size. When these warts grow larger in size, they can block the birth canal and the baby needs to be delivered by a cesarean section.
Chlamydia during pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage and preterm delivery. Babies when exposed to this infection can suffer with sever eye infections and pneumonia. You need to get yourself tested within three months to be certain that the infection is cured completely.
Syphilis generally causes skin lesions that can be diagnosed with a blood test. Syphilis can easily be passed to the unborn child in fetus. Syphilis can lead many serious infections that can be fatal. The babies born during syphilis often survive with problems in multiple organs like brain, eyes, ears, skin, teeth, bones and heart. Premature birth is common during syphilis infection.
Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection that is caused by a hepatitis B virus. During pregnancy the mother can transmit the infection to the baby through placenta. The new born can also become a lifelong carrier of hepatitis B virus that results in liver diseases and in severe cases it may lead to death. Early diagnosis and vaccination can reduce the risk of infection in new born babies.
Trichomoniasis generally results in yellow-green vaginal discharge. Pain is commonly reported during intercourse and while emptying the bladder.trichomoniasis also increases the risk of having a preterm baby. In very rare cases the baby gets infected with the disease during delivery.
STD during pregnancy can harm both mother and the baby. In most of the cases signs of STD during pregnancy are visible and can be treated. In most of the cases STD leads to infertility that can be treated at the fertility center. Hegde fertility center is the best fertility center in Hyderabad with best infertility specialist.