Effects of Asthma on Pregnancy

Asthma is a chronic respiratory system disorder in which your airways become inflamed, narrow and swell resulting in the production of extra mucus. The airways or bronchial tubes are responsible for allowing the air to enter in the lungs. Inflammation of airways is commonly seen in asthma patients. During asthma, the airways get swollen and muscles present around the airways gets tightened.

How Asthma Effect Pregnancy?

Asthma affects 4-8% of the pregnant women. If you take proper precautions and control asthma triggers, then it will not have any major effect on Pregnancy. In case, when you don’t control asthma it can cause severe health problems and can lead to preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia generally occurs after 20th weeks of pregnancy or in few cases right after the pregnancy. It is a condition that is seen in women when they have high blood pressure and when some organs are nonfunctional. The other signs include: having a high content of protein in the urine, change in a vision and severe headache.

Asthma Effects on the Baby

Asthma can have negative effects on the baby. Your baby will not get enough oxygen due to asthma and in few cases, premature birth occurs due to asthma. Poor birth weight and poor growth are the common symptoms seen in your baby when you are suffering from asthma.

Babies born to asthma patients are more likely to face breathing problems and disabilities that last long. Intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy are the common diseases seen in newborn.

Risks of Uncontrolled Asthma to Pregnant Women

Uncontrolled asthma can cause severe problems for both mother and the baby. The most common risks include:

For mother:

  • High blood pressure
  • Preeclampsia
  • Affects placenta, kidneys, liver, and brain

For fetus:

  • Abnormal or slow growth of the fetus
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Preterm birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Perinatal mortality

How is Asthma Treated During Pregnancy?

If you are suffering from asthma during pregnancy, your doctor will monitor your lungs so that he can adjust your asthma medicines. You need to limit the contact with allergens and the other factors that can trigger your asthma. Generally, your doctor will prescribe fewer medicines to control the symptoms of asthma during pregnancy.

Is it Safe to take Asthma Medicine during Pregnancy?

If you were already taking asthma shots before pregnancy, then continue it after consulting your doctor. In a case when you were not taking asthma shots before pregnancy, then don’t start it after pregnancy as it can lead to severe allergic reactions called anaphylaxis. It is recommended to consult your doctor before taking any medication during pregnancy.

Do you need any special tests if you’re pregnant and have Asthma?

Special tests are not required in cases where asthma is in control and mild. Special tests like repeated ultrasounds are required only when the asthma is moderate to severe. Ultrasound helps in monitoring the growth of your baby.

You can consult your gynecologists if you experience any asthma-related symptoms. Hegde hospital has the best gynecologists in Hyderabad who can give you valuable tips to manage both pregnancy and asthma. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynecologist in Hyderabad. Hegde hospitals have many gynecologists in different branches like gynaecologist in Kukatpally and gynecologist in Madhapur.

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